All about Tooth Decay or Tooth Cavities



What is Tooth Decay?

Tooth Decay is damage that occurs when germs or bacteria in your mouth produce acid by utilising food stuck on your teeth.  The acid dissolves your tooth minerals and eats away you teeth.  It produces small holes in the tooth, known as cavity.




Why does Tooth Decay Occur?

All individual have germs in their mouth.  Some are good germs and some are bad (Cavity causing) germs.  Whenever you have a meal, some food sticks to your teeth and the germs utilise these food particles to produce acid which dissolves minerals and causes Tooth Decay or Tooth Cavity.


Can something be done to prevent Tooth Decay?

Many food items are known to produce tooth decay or cavity more than others.  Food items which are sugary and sticky such as caramel, chocolates, sweets, cookies, etc. would lead to more tooth cavities than fibrous food items such as apples, carrots, green leafy vegetables.

Food habits such as night time snacking or snacking in between meals may lead to food being stuck on your teeth for long hours and may cause more tooth decay.

Brushing twice daily, once in morning and once at night before going to sleep, is very important to prevent tooth decay.



How would I know if I have Tooth Decay or Cavity?

Cavity in your teeth leads to discoloration (black stains on your teeth) and many times food being stuck more than before.  Although these may be caused by other factors as well.  It is always a good idea to get your teeth checked by a dentist once in every 6 months to keep a check on your Tooth Decay or Cavity.